VIETNAM
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Customs Taxation department   VICT terminal Cai Mep Terminal

 

Self Photos / Files - vn3
Area: 331,212 km2
Province: 58 provinces and 5 municipalities
Population: 90.7 million
Demographic  

 

Vietnam borders China in north, Laos PDR and Cambodia in west, The nation is bordering South China Sea in east, and the Gulf of Tonkin with the island of Hainan Dao (China) in north-east. The country shares maritime borders with Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand. With an area of 331,212 km2 Vietnam is about three times the size of Bulgaria or slightly larger than the U.S. state of New Mexico.

Vietnam has a population of 90.7 million people (in 2014), it is the 14th most populous country in the world. Spoken language is Vietnamese, English is increasingly favored as a second language, and there are still people speak some French.

Capital city of Vietnam is Hanoi (Ha Noi), former capital of the Republic of Vietnam and largest city is Ho Chi Minh City (also known as Saigon).

 

 

Following Vietnam's 2007 World Trade Organization (WTO) accession, the country's FDI level has been rising steadily. For the period 2008-2013, FDI inflow averaged US$10.8 billion annually - more than double the US$4.0 billion per annum average seen during the six-years prior to 2007.

Maritime transport is an integral part of international logistics and accounts for 80 percent of the volume of global trade. In Vietnam - a country with a coastline of 3,260 km, the Vietnam government has plans to place more emphasis in its maritime economy with the hope that it will account for more than 50 percent of the GDP by 2020.

Northern Seaport Group is inclusive of coastline cities and provinces in the North, namely Quang Ninh, Thai Binh, Nam Dinh, Ninh Binh, and Haiphong city. This group has great potential for development as it is connected to big cities, the Capital of Hanoi, and industrial zones through main national roads, river ways, railways, and airports. Nonetheless, according to few reports of Vinalines and foreign consultants, there is a lack of due attention and proper investment on the Group’s seaports, resulting in their underdevelopment and underutilization.
Towards the year 2020, divided into two ten-year periods, the Government is aimed at the Group’s comprehensive planning and expansion in conformity with the development of the focal economic zones in the North, and master planning of transportation network. The Group’s seaports are expected to receive 43M to 53M tons of cargo per year by 2010, and that by 2020 is from 89M to 123M tons yearly. Noticeably, according to Vinalines annual report for the year 2006, much priority is given to the Phase II Construction of Cai Lan Port, and General Port of Dinh Vu (Haiphong).

Northern Central Seaports The seaports in the Northern Central part of Vietnam are mainly operated to serve the economic development of the provinces of Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, and Vietnam Sea-port Sector. Those seaports also act as terminal for cargo to and from Laos and the Eastern North of Thailand. The seaports are designed to have 23M tons of cargo per year by 2010, and 49M tons of cargo per year by 2020 (inclusive of cargo transit for Thailand and Laos).

Middle Central Seaports This Group includes seaports in the provinces of Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam, and Quang Ngai. Those ports facilitate the economic development of above-mentioned provinces while also handle cargo to and from the South of Laos, and Eastern North of Thailand. In comparison to the Group 2, this Group seems to have been given more focus because of the existence of numerous focal economic zones of the Central here such as Chan May, Da Nang, and Dung Quat. In addition to that, the Group is located in the area where transportation network and infrastructure is integrated. By the year 2010, this Group is expected to receive 22M to 39M tons of cargo per year, excluding oil and oil product volume of roughly the same amount for the Oil Refinery Factory #1. Priority has been given to the expansion and development of Tien Sa, Dung Quan, Chan May, and Lien Chieu ports. But, Lien Chieu port would only be considered when Tien Sa and Han River ports have been overcapacity.

Southern Central Seaports This Group covers seaports in provinces of Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan, Gia Lai, KonTum, Daklak, and Lam Dong. The Government has set out the strategic development for this seaport group, which are to promote socio-economic development of not only above local provinces, but also the whole country and to be the international container port handling exports-imports of the country and the Region. Consequently, the first international entrepot port in Vietnam, port Van Phong, has already got underway. This Group is expected to receive 18M tons and 22 tons of cargo yearly for the year 2010 and 2020 respectively. Remarkably, Van Phong port in Khanh Hoa will be developed to be the container international port and will takeover the cargo previously shipped and handled through Saigon port. It will also be capable of serving vessels from 6000 to 9000 TEUs.

Seaports in HCM City – Dong Nai – Ba Ria Vung Tau This Group is now receiving a lot of attention from the Government and investors as well because this is located on one of the busiest and most developed area of Vietnam. The strategic development for this seaport Group is to reduce the capacity of port network alongside Saigon River so as to reduce the traffic congestion and pollution, to facilitate the growth of export processing and industrial zones, and to turn the Group into modernized and expanded gateway seaports to the world’s economy. By the year 2010, this Group is expected to receive 53M tons of cargo per year, and that by 2020 is 100M tons. The priority is given to the industrial zone Cai Lai, Saigon Hiep Phuoc, Cai Mep Thi Vai, Tan Cang Saigon, and Phu My Thi Vai in the year 2007.

Mekong Delta seaport Group This Group includes seaports in 12 provinces and cities in the Mekong Delta area. In addition to serving such provinces and cities, seaports also serve the cargo transportation of the provinces in the Eastern South and Southern part of Highlands. This Group is expected to receive 16M tons of cargo by 2010 and 32M tons of cargo by 2020.