MYANMAR
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Area: 676,578 km2
Province: 7 states, 7 region, 1 union territory
Population: 51.4 million
Demographic  

 

Myanmar is a country in Southeast Asia, also known as Burma, its also called the Golden Land. With an area of 676,578 km2 the country is almost twice the size of Germany or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Texas.

Myanmar is bordered in north and northeast byChina, in east by Laos and Thailand, in south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal and in west by Bangladesh and India. With 5,881 m (19,295 ft) Mount Hkakabo Razi in Kachin state on the border tri-point with China and India is the highest elevation in Myanmar and Southeast Asia's highest mountain. Main rivers are the Chindwin and the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) river.

Myanmar has a population of 51.4 million people (2014 census). Largest city, former capital, and the economic center of Myanmar is Yangon, capital is since 2005 the planned city of Naypyidaw. Spoken languages are Burmese.

 

Myanmar's favourable geographic location makes it an attractive location to develop port facilities. The country's 2,800km coastline runs along the eastern side of the Bay of Bengal and has the potential to become an alternative international trade route to Asia, bypassing the longer route through the Straits of Malacca.

The development of its ports can see Myanmar becoming a regional trade and transport hub. The Bay of Bengal is already home to some of the biggest ports in the world - Chittagong in Bangladesh and Chennai in India, a good indicator of the strong potential of the location.

Myanmar currently has 9 ports along the western and southeastern coast of the country, namely: Yangon, Sittwe, Kyaukphyu, Thandwe, Pathein, Mawlamyine, Dawei, Myeik, and Kawthaung.
In addition, Myanmar International Terminals Thilawa (MITT) is a private multi-purpose container terminal owned and operated by Hutchinson Port Holdings. However, with the exception of the country's principal port in Yangon, the rest are reportedly small coastal ports with limited port handling capabilities. According to official statistics from the Myanma Port Authority, Myanmar's ports handled 24 million tons of import and export freight in 2011, with the Port of Yangon handling 90% of the cargo throughput. Private Sector Opportunities A long coastline and growth in volume of imports and exports as a result of increased demand for the country's agricultural commodities, minerals and natural resources will present significant opportunities in the development of port infrastructure in Myanmar. Although currently underdeveloped, Myanmar's ports have the potential to become regional transportation hubs serving markets in China, India and the Indo-China region.

The shorter international trade route from Europe would allow companies to save on transportation costs and time. Deep water ports are currently being jointly developed at the southern city of Dawei (in association with Thailand) and Kyaukphyu in the north.